The Kennedys–and Their Enemies  

Though it is doubtful that the earth, or even the country, shall rise on New Foundations right away, it is certain that the presidential campaign now is on. Our country endures longer campaigns than any other democracy. No sooner does …



Dreams and Nightmares  

THE ROMANCE OF AMERICAN COMMUNISM, by Vivian Gornick. New York: Basic Books. 333 pp. $10. A FINE OLD CONFLICT, by Jessica Mitford. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. 265 pp. $10. THE AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF AN AMERICAN COMMUNIST: A PERSONAL VIEW OF …



Dreams and Nightmares  

A Fine Old Conflict, by Jessica Mitford. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. 265 pp. The Autobiography of an American Communist: A Personal View of a Political Life, by Peggy Dennis. Westport, Conn.: Lawrence Hill & Co. 302 pp. The Great …



In World War Two  

Roosevelt and Churchill 1939-1941: The Partnership that Saved the West, by Joseph P. Lash. New York: W. W. Norton. 528 pp. For some time, especially during the baleful years of the Vietnam War, there seemed to be little interest in, and …



Portugal—Between Hammer and Anvil?  

Perhaps the saddest aspect of socialist history has been the frequent evocation of a right-wing reaction through extremism on the left. No fiercer battles were fought in pre-Hitler Germany than those between Communist Red Front fighters and brownshirted Nazis. But …



A True Record  

The Soviets: The Russian Workers, Peasants, and Soldiers Councils, 1905-1921, by Oskar Anweiler. Translated from the German by Ruth Hein. New York: Pantheon Books. 324 pp. Whatever happened to the soviets under which, as Lenin described them, “the masses themselves …



Fact and Gossip  

The Rise and Fall of American Communism, by Philip Jaffe. Introduction by Bertram D. Wolfe. New York: Horizon Press. By a quirk of history Stalin chose the American Communist party, surely one of the least significant parties in the scheme …



For Portugal: “Democracy, Period”  

The military rulers of Portugal have decked their regime in ideological trappings that recall bygone times. They have warned the newly legalized parties of Portugal that “bourgeois democracy” is suspect, while “socialist democracy” is the real McCoy. This makes even …



Détente—Shadow or Substance?  

Some rather hard-headed observers, not ordinarily given to the strategy of appeasement as a means of achieving peace, have been heard to argue recently that increasing contacts with the Soviet Union, especially expanded trade, will encourage the Soviets to assume …



China and the United States  

Both President Nixon and Chairman Mao have confessed to failure. While neither has admitted to bankruptcy of past policies, both have executed 180-degree turns. Our line and their line have changed again. This turning point in the relations among world powers …



The Pentagon Papers: The Immorality of Error  

We didn’t need the Pentagon Papers to find out that the war was wrong. It was wrong when the French fought to retain their control of Indochina, and when President Truman gave them military aid for their colonial war. It was …



Thus Spake Fidel Castro  

THERE’S A BEGUILING QUALITY to the style of Fidel Castro. Surely we have never known another Communist chieftain like him. Here is a leader in the Soviet Union’s “family” of nations, hailed in Moscow each May Day, who yet lashes …