Portugal—Between Hammer and Anvil?

Portugal—Between Hammer and Anvil?

Perhaps the saddest aspect of socialist history has been the frequent evocation of a right-wing reaction through extremism on the left. No fiercer battles were fought in pre-Hitler Germany than those between Communist Red Front fighters and brownshirted Nazis. But an unholy “dialectic” found Red Front feeding brown shirts. In the Prussian plebiscite, Communists and fascists voted together. Communist theories of “social fascism,” which designated social democracy as the greatest menace, facilitated Hitler’s rise to power.

Will the same sorry symbiosis of left-wing and right-wing extremism shatter the hope of a democratic socialist evolution in Portugal? There are good grounds for optimism and hope. Bot...


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