We have done all we could to keep alive in our minds the main problems that in the course of centuries have troubled theologians, although today we formulate them in a somewhat different way. Philosophy has never freed itself from the heritage of theology, which means that theological questions were only awkward attempts to solve riddles that are still haunting mankind.
Riddles? It may be that what is involved is not really a riddle but, frequently, a situation into which we read a riddle because the most self-evident facts appear unacceptable to us.
Nothing is as deeply rooted in man as the belief in a moral law of equalizing temperatures, that is, the belief that the world eventually will reach a state where our merits and rewards, our crimes and punishments are levelled out, where evil is avenged and goodness rewarded— in other words, a world in which human values attain their complete realization. Whatever happens, man ought to rejoice, because the rewards which await him in heaven are generous....
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