Democracy and “Distinctive Status”  

Multicultural Citizenship by Will Kymlicka Oxford University Press, 1995. 296 pp., $35. In recent years there has been a profusion of interest in the concept of citizenship—a development that is far from surprising. In her classic study The Origins of …





Roots of Fascism  

Until recently, the question of the origins of fascist ideology seemed a fairly academic affair. Not only have the events of World War II receded in historical memory, but the collapse of communism made it appear that the “age of …



French Intellectuals and Communism  

There are many who will view Tony Judt’s Past Imperfect as a rearguard action. After all, the moral condemnation of French intellectuals for their utter credulity about communism in the late 1940s and the early 1950s is about as challenging …



The Lure of Death  

James Miller has provided us with a luminously intelligent biography of Michel Foucault. Miller, a former book and music critic for Newsweek and the author of an outstanding history of Students for a Democratic Society in its predogmatic phase (“Democracy …



Jacobinism Revisited  

Since the appearance of François Furet’s Penser la Revolution Française in 1978, conventional wisdom concerning the French Revolution has fallen upon hard times. For quite some time such “conventional wisdom” has been left wing. In the nineteenth century the Revolution …