French Connections  

From Sartre to Althusser, Existential Marxism in Postwar France, by Mark Poster. Princeton: Princeton University Press. 415 pp. Before World War II, no indigenous Marxian tradition existed in France. Stalinist hacks dominated the scene, and the socialist movement largely subsisted …



The Jester Turned Prosecutor  

I yield to no one in my admiration for Leszek Kolakowski’s past contributions to Marxist “revisionism” and his moving attempt to build a theory of libertarian socialism on the ruins of Soviet orthodoxy. His painstaking dissection of the lies and …



Workers in America  

Class and Community: The Industrial Revolution in Lynn, by Alan Dawley. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. 300 pp. “Labor now has become a commodity, wealth capital, and the natural order of things is entirely reversed . . . capital and …



Intellectuals on Tap  

A specter is haunting Irving Kristol—the specter of The New Class. It consists of “some millions of people whom liberal capitalism has sent to college in order to help manage its affluent, highly technological, mildly paternalistic ‘post-industrial society.’” These educators, …



The Need for Masks  

The Fall of the Public Man, by Richard Sennett. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. 373 pp. Some years ago in a much discussed book, The Politics of Authenticity, Marshall Berman argued for a politics of radical individualism, advocating the liberation …



Sweet Hopes of the Future Unmasked  

Utopia and Revolution, by Melvin J. Lasky. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. 726 pp. Condorcet, the great exemplar and martyr of the French Revolution, wrote under the shadow of death that “the friend of humanity can enjoy unmixed pleasure …



Varieties of New History  

The Revolutionary Ascetic: Evolution of a Political Type, by Bruce Mazlish. New York: Basic Books. 261 pp. Work, Culture, and Society in Industrializing America, by Herbert G. Gutman. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. 343 pp. Recoiling from the lack of …



Spain on the Eve  

This report was completed in the middle of June and is based on a visit to Spain in May and early June. Early in July, the King dismissed the previous Prime Minister, and the new Prime Minister’s cabinet did not …



What Do the Poor Need?  

Writing these pages in Europe allows me to look at the problem of American poverty in a way I might not have chosen had I written in America. Visiting the slums of Naples and North Africa or traveling through the Sicilian …





Indeed, They Did Grow Up Absurd  

THE THEATER OF THE ABSURD is now being enacted on the public scene. Letters recently sent to a number of corporations which were subsequently bombed stated that the bomb throwers were full of loving care for mankind and therefore felt …



The Inevitability of Songmy  

COLONEL JOSEPH BELLAS IS PROBABLY one of those ordinary officers not likely to be remembered in the annals of warfare, but he recently delivered himself of a statement that is unforgettable. The Colonel is in command of a hospital in …