The Mystifications of Structuralism  

THE POVERTY OF THEORY AND OTHER ESSAYS, by E. P. Thompson. New York: Monthly Review Press. 404 pp. $16.00. E. P. Thompson is best known as the social historian whose magisterial The Making of the English Working Class has had …







French Connections  

From Sartre to Althusser, Existential Marxism in Postwar France, by Mark Poster. Princeton: Princeton University Press. 415 pp. Before World War II, no indigenous Marxian tradition existed in France. Stalinist hacks dominated the scene, and the socialist movement largely subsisted …



The Jester Turned Prosecutor  

I yield to no one in my admiration for Leszek Kolakowski’s past contributions to Marxist “revisionism” and his moving attempt to build a theory of libertarian socialism on the ruins of Soviet orthodoxy. His painstaking dissection of the lies and …



Workers in America  

Class and Community: The Industrial Revolution in Lynn, by Alan Dawley. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. 300 pp. “Labor now has become a commodity, wealth capital, and the natural order of things is entirely reversed . . . capital and …



Intellectuals on Tap  

A specter is haunting Irving Kristol—the specter of The New Class. It consists of “some millions of people whom liberal capitalism has sent to college in order to help manage its affluent, highly technological, mildly paternalistic ‘post-industrial society.’” These educators, …



The Need for Masks  

The Fall of the Public Man, by Richard Sennett. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. 373 pp. Some years ago in a much discussed book, The Politics of Authenticity, Marshall Berman argued for a politics of radical individualism, advocating the liberation …



Sweet Hopes of the Future Unmasked  

Utopia and Revolution, by Melvin J. Lasky. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. 726 pp. Condorcet, the great exemplar and martyr of the French Revolution, wrote under the shadow of death that “the friend of humanity can enjoy unmixed pleasure …



Varieties of New History  

The Revolutionary Ascetic: Evolution of a Political Type, by Bruce Mazlish. New York: Basic Books. 261 pp. Work, Culture, and Society in Industrializing America, by Herbert G. Gutman. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. 343 pp. Recoiling from the lack of …



Spain on the Eve  

This report was completed in the middle of June and is based on a visit to Spain in May and early June. Early in July, the King dismissed the previous Prime Minister, and the new Prime Minister’s cabinet did not …



The Intellectual as Celebrity  

A new intellectual type has risen on the American scene, the celebrity intellectual. He addresses a semieducated mass public that makes little claim to expert knowledge or refined taste, and that adheres to no commonly shared cultural standards. The celebrity …