Mitterrand’s Victory: Politics of the Left  

Why did Francois Mitterrand, after winning an absolute majority in the Assembly, take Communists into his government, thereby risking difficulties with foreign leaders and possibly causing some second thoughts among his center-left constituency? The fact is that, whatever one may …







Rumblings on the French Left  

The French Left has seemed strangely silent since its defeat–which was so nearly a victory–in the election of May 1974. Perhaps it had first to overcome its disappointment at having missed out by so narrow a margin. But the new …



On the Idea of “European Unity”  

The three political fathers of the idea of a United Europe—Robert Schuman, Konrad Adenauer, and Alcide de Gasperi—had each experienced excesses of nationalism that made them sense the urgency of devising a political solution for nationalistic confrontations. Schuman was a …



On the Idea of “European Unity”  

The three political fathers of the idea of a United Europe—Robert Schuman, Konrad Adenauer, and Alcide de Gasperi—had each experienced excesses of nationalism that made them sense the urgency of devising a political solution for nationalistic confrontations. Schuman was a …



The French Left: Uneasy Relations  

Everyone in Paris knows that the French Communist party (CP) is no longer a revolutionary party bent on seizing power by force or subversion—perhaps simply because this would be impossible. In signing the Common Program for an electoral bloc with …



Revolt of the Flics  

The 1968 French elections, held on the heels of the May riots, gave the Gaullist UDR and the Right generally a parliamentary majority. Everyone knew—as Edgar Faure, prominent member of the majority, said—that the primary cause of this success was …



Dissident Voices from Paris  

WE HAVE RECENTLY had some interesting new political books in France. La Nouvelle Société, by Jacques Chaban-Delmas, the Premier of France; Le Grand Tournant du Socialisme, by Roger Garaudy, a leading Communist intellectual; and Le Manifeste du Parti Radical, by …





Repercussions in Paris  

We were accustomed to seeing the Communists and their friends in every country of the world quickly forget the “errors,” even the “crimes,” of the Soviet Union, attributing them sometimes to “capitalist encirclement,” sometimes to the “cult of personality.” But it …