Socialism in Europe  

In October 1983 the Wall Street Journal commented, with obvious pleasure, that “the idea called socialism is dead.” France, “the advanced country that took socialism most at its word, has seen the ‘future’ and even its intellectuals have acknowledged it …



Political Struggles in the CIO  

in the autumn of 1935 President John L. Lewis of the Mine Workers, recognizing that the political climate had created a unique opportunity for the unionization of the mass-production industries—and despairing of persuading the AFL craft unions to relinquish their …