Stability and Change in Eastern Europe  

The longevity of the East European Communist systems—they have lasted over 35 years—poses a serious question: what are the sources of social stability and legitimacy in these societies? In the late ’40s and early ’50s most specialists assumed that, except …



Toward a Sane Defense Policy  

It is essential for people of the democratic left to begin a fundamental examination of the assumptions behind U.S. defense policy—because Reagan continues to follow, in magnified form, a trend that began under the Carter administration. There has been broad …



The Rebellion of Europe  

An unanticipated consequence of the Reagan administration’s foreign and defense postures may well be the creation of a massive West European peace movement. This movement has spread throughout the NATO alliance. Not having a unified direction, it shows great local …



After Afghanistan — Round Two  

With the following comment we continue the informal discussion among Dissent editors regarding the changed international situation after the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. The next issue will carry further comment by other editors.—Eds The parochialism of American liberal intellectuals is …



Eurocommunism and “The Russian Question”  

Eurocommunism is not a homogeneous movement, but some common elements do exist. One central problem, which arises both on practical and basic theoretical grounds, lies in the relationships between the Communist parties of Western Europe and the Soviet party, and between the vision of “socialism” advanced by …



Some Dilemmas—and Hopes  

Our perceptions of Communist politics in Western Europe are critically linked to periods in the past. Is it our memories of the CPs in their pre-Stalinist forms—sectarian, aggressive, ultra-left parties; or of the CPs in the Popular Front period—Stalinized, endlessly …



The Socialist Left in Europe  

From their very formation, socialist movements in Europe experienced an internal tension in theory and organizational practice. This duality can be expressed as “socialism from above versus socialism from below” and “bureaucratic versus spontaneous organizational theories.” Until the Bolshevik Revolution, …



Heresies in European Communism  

It now is a fact taken for granted that there are a variety of Communist regimes pursuing ever more divergent policies. In that narrow sense, the Titoist heresy has won an irreversible victory. Yet little attention has been paid to …



Is There a “New Working Class”?  

MASS UNIVERSITY EDUCATION, in the advanced industrial countries,’ is leading to a shift in the function and character of university-educated personnel. From an elite education for sons of notables preparing to assume leading roles, there is a turn to vocational …