The Balkan Endgame  

Ten years have passed since the bloody carnage began in Bosnia, initiated by Serbian nationalist forces led by Slobodan Milosevic. To be sure, the Serbs were not alone. Croatia’s separatists, led by an equally authoritarian former communist general, Franjo Tudjman, …



Faint Hopes in the Balkans  

Policy makers in Washington need good news in the Balkans, but have never been willing to lay out the resources necessary to make things turn out well. Instead, they have searched for good guys, effective leaders who might bring good …



Democratic Breakthrough in Croatia  

Democracy has been given a second chance in Croatia with a dramatic breakthrough by democratic parties in parliamentary and presidential elections earlier this year. The national-chauvinist HDZ (Croatian Democratic Community) founded by Franjo Tudjman, which has ruled Croatia with an …



A Botched Just War  

I have suffered much anguish over NATO’s war in Yugoslavia. Unlike almost every U.S. military intervention of the past half century, this is a just war—but badly and irresponsibly led. It was cowardly of the White House to decide on …



Kosovo: The Beginning of the End  

Kosovo is where the final disintegration of Yugoslavia began. It is there that the Titoist settlement of the national question in Yugoslavia broke down irreparably in 1990. The immediate issue was the decision of Slobodan Milosevic, the leader of Serbia, …



Yugoslav Tremors: A Report  

The Dayton accords are in trouble. Their only virtue—it is not a small one—is that they stopped the organized fighting in the former Yugoslavia. But they also partitioned Bosnia and left the consequences of “ethnic cleansing” intact. The major war …





Lessons from the Bosnian War  

The European Community (EC), the United States, and the United Nations have all contributed mightily to the death of Yugoslavia and the murder of Bosnia. German and Austrian overeagerness to recognize unilateral declarations of secession by Slovenia and Croatia assured …



Responses: Bogdan Denitch  

This White House seems to have no foreign policy vision and no interest in developing one. This is a bad political mistake—even for an administration that would prefer to focus “like a laser beam” on domestic problems. It is the …



Not All Bosnians Yet  

Tom Nairn’s provocative article (Fall 1993, “All Bosnians Now?”) deserves a fuller reply than I can provide in a brief rejoinder. Nevertheless, a few notes might be appropriate. Nairn is right. “Balkanites” are irritated when the historical divide between Byzantium …



Balkan Tragedy  

Books about the breakup of Yugoslavia and the genocidal war against the Moslem Slays of Bosnia have become a minor industry. As expected, journalists are at the forefront and social scientists and historians lag far behind. More often than not, …



Stop the Genocide in Bosnia  

Genocides are inconvenient for preoccupied statesmen, who have worries of their own. They happen at the wrong places and the wrong times. Those who argue that the destruction of Bosnia cannot be called an act of genocide ignore the fact …