INDUSTRIAL SOCIETY, by Georges Friedmann. (Edited and with an introduction by Harold L. Sheppard.) Free Press, Glencoe, Illinois, 1955. 436 pp., $6.00.
No Marx-ward inclination is required to see that work is central to man’s fate in modern industrial society. How could it be otherwise, when a man’s job is the place at which he spends most of his waking hours; is the source from which he derives his income with which to demand society’s resources, and which sets limits and gives form to his life chances; and is the single most important criterion by which he is assigned a rank in a highly rank-conscious society?
When these aspects of occupation are taken into account, it is clearly no longer possible to talk about work as primarily an economic fact. However significant the income-dimensions of a job may be, and however important the sheerly economic aspects of production and distribution may be for a society, the non-economic aspects of both work and the economic system are often crucial in the determination of the character and fate of any population....
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