Why did we make the Bomb? The question is, of course, naïve. There was no single reason. Nor could there be a one-word answer, such as fear or
deterrence, or a two-word answer, for example, unjustified fear, that would be informative. The simplest and most frequent answer seems to be “as a deterrent or counter-weapon to the threatened Nazi bomb.” And this was the most common reply in the 1940s, too. The impression was widespread that the Allied forces were in a race with the Germans that could well determine the outcome of the war. A few minds, even in 1940 (Bohr’s, Szilard’s), saw that the possession of A-bombs by two or more states might well serve as mutual deterrents, with each side fearing reprisal.
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