It is a banal historical truth that the working class played a crucial role in the bourgeois revolutions of continental Europe. Oskar Lange’s comments on the subject are especially perceptive:
After the war, when the remnants of the ancien regime collapsed in all the countries of Central Europe—in Germany, Austria, Hungary, in the Czech lands, and in Poland—the bourgeois democratic republics that emerged from the ruins of the Hohenzollern, Hapsburg, and Romanov monarchies wer...
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