We viewed the original Kennedy program for Latin America (Alliance for Progress) with a good deal of scepticism, but welcomed the proclaimed ideals behind it. For one thing, it gave recognition to the fact that money and grants in themselves, if poured down the bottomless pit of corrupt Latin American dictatorships, only serve in the end to strengthen such regimes. The Alliance for Progress, did, therefore, even if timidly, openly pose the need for internal social revolutions by which elitist rule would be replaced by popularly-based democratic rule, along with social and economic measures long urged by Latin American socialists and democrats.
It would be unfair to question what might have happened to the Alliance if Kennedy had lived. Certain examples—the story of Peru, for example —added to one’s doubts; on the other hand, the handling of the Venezuelan crisis was more promising.
Now, however, under Johnson the program has turned sour to the point where its former director, Teodoro Moscoso, has openly charged betrayal (New York Times, February 18, 1965):
“We are still using money,” says Mr. Moscoso, “but do we remember that there is a revolu...
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