Our concern is not to undertake a theoretical analysis of socialism in the abstract but rather to understand what socialism should be for us, at this time, in our Western civilization. Hence I raise the question: Is socialism primarily the expression of clearly defined interests of a specific social class? Or is it the manifestation of a desire for justice and liberty, assuming different forms throughout history but seeking through this diversity of forms a constant moral ideal?
Socialism and Social Classes
I should like to review the fundamental ideas of Marx, which may he condensed in the following statements:
1) History is motored by the class struggle.
2) Class structure is dependent on the organization of the ownership of the means of production.
3) Political power is essentially a reflection of productive power.
4) The working class continuously increases its numbers, little by little absorbing the old middle classes as these are destroyed by technological progress.
5) Furthermore, the pauperization of the masses and social inequality are continuously increasing, so that the struggle between the capitalist class and the proletariat becomes increasingly bit...
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