A new idea has appeared amid the debris of what was once a powerful theory: the Marxist concept of class has been revived and applied, at last, to that elusive stratum, the intellectuals. From standpoints as diverse as left-
Hegelianism, East European dissidence, the American New Left, and contemporary neoconservatism, the old themes of the “treason of the clerks,” the “managerial revolution,” and the “new class” have reemerged in a new form. The thread connecting this diversity is the transference of the class analysis of Marxism from workers to intellectuals. Critique, participation, equality, social justice and freedom— all of these, it is now said, are nothing more than an ideological cover behind which the intellectuals advance their own
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