A prime factor in the 20th Century Industrial Revolution and the reorganization of society that has accompanied it, science is today itself being reorganized. The rationalists are being rationalized. As science has become more important to industry and government, changes have been taking place in the spirit of science and of scientists. The most important changes are not, however, those which the liberal radical tradition predicted on the basis of its belief that science, as a search for truth, is essentially incompatible with investigations designed to solve immediate practical problems (weapons or marketable products) and that its publications must be uncensored.
Contrary to most expectations, fundamental research has not been harmed by the “marriage” of government and scientists—the military have had enough sense and money to let scientists work pretty much on their own. It is the human, social consequences of this marriage, first to the scientists as men, and second to society as a whole, that are dangerous.
The Amazing Marriage
Scientists are today enjoying a new prestige and a new salary bracket. No longer considered harmless drudges (as in James Thurber’s pre-w...
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