Resources and Further Reading for “Got Dough? How Billionaires Rule Our Schools” (Web-Only)

In the text of my article “Got Dough? How Billionaires Rule Our Schools,” readers can find the sources for any material that I have quoted. For those who would like to see general sources, background material, or suggestions for further reading and research, here is a list of selected studies, articles, reports, books, and websites that might be useful. (I apologize for not having had time to alphabetize the list.)


“Multiple Choice: Charter School Performance in 16 States,” Center for Research on Education Outcomes (CREDO), June 2009,

Caroline M. Hoxby, “A Statistical Mistake in the Credo Study Of Charter Schools,”
Stanford University and NBER, August 2009,

Caroline M. Hoxby, Sonali Murarka, and Jenny Kang. “How New York City’s Charter Schools Affect Achievement, August 2009 Report.” Second report in series. Cambridge, MA: New York City Charter Schools Evaluation Project, September 2009,

Sean Reardon, “Review of ‘How New York City’s Charter Schools Affect Achievement,’” by Caroline M. Hoxby, Sonali Murarka & Jenny Kang,” Sean Reardon, National Education Policy Center,

“The Evaluation of Charter School Impacts: Final Report,” U.S. Department of Education,

“The Reading Literacy of U.S. Fourth-Grade Students in an
International Context: Results From the 2001 and 2006 Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS),” U.S. Department of Education, November 2007:

Matthew G. Springer, et al, “Teacher Pay for Performance, Executive Summary,” National Center on Performance Incentives,

Shelby Dietz, “How Many Schools Have Not Made Adequate Yearly Progress Under
the No Child Left Behind Act?,” Center on Education Policy, March 11, 2010,

Joshua D. Angrist, et al, “Who Benefits from KIPP?” National Bureau of Economic Research, May 2010,

“Error Rates in Measuring Teacher and School Performance Based on Student Test Score Gains,” U.S. Department of Education, July 2010,

Jesse Rothstein, “Review of Learning About Teaching by Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation,” National Education Policy Center, January 13, 2011,

‘Highlights From TIMSS 2007: Mathematics and Science Achievement of U.S. Fourth- and Eighth-Grade Students in an International Context,” December 2008, U.S. Department of Education,

Articles, Reports, Blog Posts:

David C. Bloomfield, “Come Clean on Small Schools,” Education Week, January 24, 2006:

Erik W. Robelen, “Gates Learns to Think Big,” Education Week, October 10, 2006:

Ann Bradley, “Gates Takes a Risk on Teacher Evaluation,” Education Week, April 9, 2010:

Paul D. Bowker, “Schools get $10M from Gates“Chi-Town Daily News, January 31, 2008:,12032

“All Students Ready for College, Career and Life: Reflections on the Foundation’s Education Investments 2000-2008,” report, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation,

John Chase and Kristen Mack, “Emanuel wants private funds for Chicago school reform,” Chicago Tribune, October 18, 2010:

John Merrow, “Four Days IN Education Nation,” Huffington Post, September 29, 2010,

Donna Gordon Blankinship, “Gates Foundation spending $30 million for charter schools,” Seattle Times, October 11, 2006:

Valerie Strauss, “The strange media coverage of Obama’s education policies,” Washington Post, September 30, 2010:

Marc Bousquet, “NBC’s Education Nation: Policy Summit or Puppet how?” Chronicle of Higher Education, September 28, 2010:

Diane Ravitch, “Merit Pay Fails Another Test,” Education Week, September 28, 2010

Jeff Raikes, “Grantee Perception Report Summary, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, June 15, 2010,”

Bill Turque, “D.C. agency to probe Rhee critic’s complaint over ethics of school funds clause,” Washington Post, June 8, 2010:

Julie Schmit, “Gates Foundation CEO: Listening is key to success,” USA Today, June 2, 2010:

Beryl Lieff Benderly, “The Real Science Gap,” Miller-McCune, June 14, 2010

Carl Campanile, “Gates’ $4 Mil Lesson Aided School Control,” New York Post, August 18, 2009,

“Gates Foundation and British Newspaper Join Forces to Spotlight Global Development Work,” Chronicle of Philanthropy, September 15, 2010,

Sandi Doughton, “Not many speak their mind to Gates Foundation,” New York Times, August 3, 2008

Bill Carter, “Gates Foundation Backs ABC News Project,” New York Times, October 6, 2010,

Tim Arango and Brian Stelter, ” Messages With a Mission, Embedded in TV Shows,” New York Times, April 1, 2009,

“Record Number of Broad Residents Take on Local, State, Federal Roles Managing Education Reform,” press release, Eli and Edythe Broad Foundation, September 8, 2010,

Leonie Haimson, “The most dangerous man in America,” The Huffington Post,
July 10, 2010,

Sherri Ackerman, “Gates grant tracking program on today’s school board agenda,” The Tampa Tribune, February 23, 2010,

Howard Blume, “L.A. Unified hires Gates Foundation official as deputy superintendent,” Los Angeles Times, June 23, 2010,

Sherri Ackerman, “Hillsborough school district celebrates $100 million grant,” The Tampa Tribune, December 11, 2009,

Sam Dillon, “After Complaints, Gates Foundation Opens Education Aid Offer to All States,” New York Times, October 27, 2009,

Dakarai Aarons, “Bill Gates: Charters Should Lead Innovation,” Education Week, June 29, 2010,

Susan Ohanian, “Tough Challenges Ahead in U.S. Effort to Reshape Failing Schools,”

Maura Walz, “UFT helping city recruit for Gates-funded teacher quality study,”

“The Turnaround Challenge,” Mass Insight Education & Research Institute,

Mary Beaudoin, “The Occupation of U.S. Public Schools: Kids as Cannon Fodder and Consumers,”

Roundtable, “How Many Billionaires Does It Take to Fix a School System?” The Money Issue, New York Times Magazine, March 9, 2008.

Andrew J. Rotherham, “Charter Schools: The Good Ones Aren’t Flukes” Time, Thursday, October 14, 2010,,8599,2025310,00.html

Gerald Bracey, “The Education Trust’s Disinformation Campaign,”

Susan Ohanian, “State-By-State Report Card Calls for Education Reform,”

Vivek Wadhwa, “The Science Education Myth,” Bloomberg Business Week, October 26, 2007,

B. Lindsay Lowell, Harold Salzman, “Into the Eye of the Storm: Assessing the Evidence on Science and Engineering Education, Quality, and Workforce Demand,” Urban Institute, October 29, 2007,

Philip E. Kovacs and H.K. Christie, “The Gates’ Foundation and the Future of U.S. Public Education: A Call for Scholars to Counter Misinformation Campaigns,” Journal for Critical Education Policy Studies, December 2008,

Gerald W. Bracey, “The First Time ‘Everything Changed,” The 17th Bracey Report on the Condition of Public Education,

Greg Hinz, “Venture capitalist Bruce Rauner floats plan to raise cash for public schools while supporting charters,” Crain’s Chicago Business, July 26, 2010,

Jackson Potter, “Another charter school privatization rip-off…,” Substance News, July 27, 2010,

Patricia Burch, “Hidden Markets: Global Patterns in the Privatization of Education?” global-e, January 13, 2009,

Mary Beaudoin, “The Occupation of U.S. Public Schools: Kids as Cannon Fodder and Consumers,” worldwideWAMM March 2010,

Eli and Edythe Broad 2009/10 Foundation Report,

Howard Blume, “Broad Foundation training percolates deeply into L.A.’s school leadership,” Los Angeles Times, December 16, 2009,

Howard Blume, “L.A. Unified hires Gates Foundation official as deputy superintendent,” Los Angeles Times, June 23, 2010,

Diane Ravitch, “Obama’s Race to the Top Will Not Improve Education,” Huffington Post, August 1, 2010,

Bill Turque , “D.C. agency to probe Rhee critic’s complaint over ethics of school funds clause,” Washington Post, June 8, 2010,

Sam Dillon, “Backer of Charter Schools Finds They Trail in Financing,” New York Times, August 23, 2005,

Daniel Golden, “Bill Gates’ School Crusade,” Bloomberg Business Week, July 15, 2010,

Tim Arango and Brian Stelter, “The Microsoft founder’s foundation is betting billions that a business approach can work wonders in the classroom,” New York Times, April 1, 2009, [The date of this article was mistakenly cited as April 2 in my article. JB]

Bill Carter, “Gates Foundation Backs ABC News Project,” New York Times, October 6, 2010,

Frederick M. Hess, “The Value of Value-Added,” Education Week, April 21, 2010,

Jeff Raikes, “Grantee Perception Report Summary,” June 15, 2010,

Lawrence Harmon, “Bill Gates’s risky adventure,” Boston Globe, April 27, 2010,

Sandi Doughton, “Not many speak their mind to Gates Foundation,” Seattle Times, August 3, 2008,

Editorial, “Gates Foundation cash wields influence,” The Jackson Sun, October 28, 2009, at

Larry Ferlazzo, “Here We Go Again: Private Foundations Have A Place (And Have To Be Kept In Their Place),” May 19, 2010,

Sponsors for NBC’s Education Nation:

“The Guardian launches global development website with Gates Foundation,” Press release, September 14, 2010,


Martin Carnoy, et al. The Charter School Dust-Up: Examining the Evidence on Enrollment and Achievement. Economic Policy Institute and Teachers College Press. 2005.

Frederick M. Hess., ed. With the Best of Intentions: How Philanthropy Is Reshaping K-12 Education. Cambridge: Harvard Education Press. 2005.

Philip E. Kovacs, ed. The Gates Foundation and the Future of U.S. “Public” Schools. New York: Routledge. 2011.

Diane Ravitch. The Death and Life of the Great American School System: How Testing and Choice Are Undermining Education. New York: Basic Books, 2010.

Richard Rothstein. Class and Schools: Using Social, Economic, and Educational Reform to Close the Black-White Achievement Gap. Economic Policy Institute and Teachers College Press. 2004.

Richard Rothstein, et. al. Grading Education: Getting Accountability Right. Economic Policy Institute and Teachers College Press. 2008.

Kenneth J. Saltman. The Gift of Education: Public Education and Venture Philanthropy. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. 2010.

Jack Schneider. Excellence for All: How a New Breed of Reformers Is Transforming America’s Public Schools. Nashville: Vanderbilt University Press. Forthcoming fall 2011.


U.S. Department of Education:

The Foundation Center:

Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation:

Eli and Edythe Broad Foundation:

The Walton Family Foundation:

The Data Quality Campaign:

Consulting firm for school “turnarounds”:

The American Federation of Teachers:

National Education Association:

Economic Policy Institute’s education section:

Gates Foundation watch site:

Broad Foundation watch site:

Charter school scandal watch site:

Democrats for Education Reform watch site:

General education policy watch sites:

A national organization for parents concerned about the current reforms:

NBC’s “Education Nation”:

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