Socialism in Asia emerged after, rather than before, Communism. The fact may seem trivial, but it has a decided significance. For while Communism was a transplantation from Europe, carefully nurtured by Lenin, Socialism evolved as part of the normal process of national revolution. That is not to say that the transplantation was then unnecessary or undesirable, yet Communism was transplanted and socialism not. Thus where the Communist parties in Asia are three decades old, independent Socialist parties are, for the most part, less than a decade old, and where Communism is pro-Moscow, Socialism is essentially “Third Forcist.”
Lenin, with his un-doctrinaire astuteness, clearly understood the value of a Communist movement in Asia....
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