During the 1970s, European socialists grew dissatisfied with the welfare state they had built, despite the prosperity and security it brought to European society. In the Swedish Social Democratic party of Olaf Palme, the French Socialist party of Francois Mitterrand, the German Social Democratic party of Willy Brandt, even in the staid Dutch Labor party of Joop den Uyl, there arose a critique of the welfare state on the grounds that it was bureaucratic; stifled popular participation; followed...
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