The Butcher’s Company  

Did Klaus Barbie receive the defense he deserved? Before his trial in Lyon last summer for war crimes fades entirely into history, the question ought to be posed. One imagines that the cynical old Nazi was aware that his acquittal …





A Holiday Inn of Bourgeois Virtue  

In a celebrated passage of “The Economic Ethic of World Religions,” Max Weber remarked that often, “like switchmen,” the “world images” created by ideas have “determined the tracks along which action has been pushed by the dynamic of interest.” In …



(Un)Reason and its Modern Adventures  

THE DESTRUCTION OF REASON, by Georg Lukacs. London: Merlin Press and Atlantic Highlands, N.J.: Humanities Press. 865 pp. $27.50. MARXISM AND MODERNISM: AN HISTORICAL STUDY OF LUKACS,BRECHT, BENJAMIN AND ADORNO, by Eugene Lunn. Berkeley: University of California Press. 331 pp. …



The Politics of the Powerless  

“The working men have no country,” reads a famous passage in The Communist Manifesto. “We cannot take from them what they have not got.” Marx and Engels add that with its penetration of world markets, the bourgeoisie was universalizing capitalist …